Names of countries in Chinese

In this post we’ll learn the names of countries in Chinese and how to pronunce them. But not only countries (国家; guójiā), we’ll also learn how to form and say nationalities (国籍; guójí). Let’s begin!

List of countries in Chinese

China中国Zhōngguó
South Korea韩国Hánguó
Japan日本Rìběn
Spain西班牙Xībānyá
France法国Fàguó
Portugal葡萄牙Pútáoyá
Germany德国Déguó
Russia俄国Éguó
United States美国Měiguó
Canada加拿大Jiānádà
Mexico墨西哥Mòxīgē
Brazil巴西Bāxī
Argentina阿根廷Āgēntíng
Chile智利Zhìlì
Uruguay乌拉圭Wūlāguī
Peru秘鲁Bìlǔ
Australia澳大利亚Àodàlìyǎ
India印度Yìndù

Nationalities in Chinese

Talking about nationalities is super easy. Simply add the word for “person”, 人 (rén), after the name of the country. It would be something like saying “someone from …”. Look at these examples:

  • I’m Canadian: 我是加拿大人。(Wǒ shì jiānádà rén).
  • He’s Chinese: 他是中国人。(Tā shì zhōngguó rén).
  • We are Spanish: 我们是西班牙人。(Wǒmen shì xībānyá rén).
  • You are American: 你是美国人。(Nǐ shì měiguó rén).

“Where are you from?”

The way to ask a person his or her nationality in Chinese is similar to what we do in English. Usually, we wouldn’t ask: “Of which country are you?”, sounds a bit unnatural. Instead, we go by “Where are you from?”.

In Chinese, there’s also more than one way to ask about a person’s origin. Let’s begin with the most common one, which literally means: “You from where come?”.

Subject + 从 (cóng) + 哪里(nǎlǐ) + 来 (lái)?

  • Where are you from?
    你从哪里来?(Nǐ cóng nǎlǐ lái?)
  • Where is she from?
    她从哪里来的?(Tā cóng nǎlǐ lái de?)

To answer, you can either state the country’s name, i.e., China (中国; Zhōngguó), or say the nationality, in this case using the verb “to be” (是; shì): “She is Chinese” (她是中国人; Tā shì zhōngguó rén.)

Another way to ask about someone’s nationality or origin is with the “是… 的” (shì… de) structure. Like this:

Subject + 是 (shì) + 哪里 (nǎlǐ) + 的 (de) / [or: 人 (rén)]?

“Where is the teacher from?”
老师是哪里的?(Lǎoshī shì nǎlǐ de?)

  • He’s German.
    他是德国的人。(Tā shì déguó de rén.)
  • He is from Germany.
    他是从德国来的。(Tā shì cóng déguó lái de.)

Ok with the countries in Chinese… Now, the continents

Maps of countries chinese

Now we will see the names of the continents with Chinese characters. Although opinions on how many continents exist vary, here we are just learning vocabulary, not taking sides!

North America北美Běiměi
Central America中美洲Zhōng měizhōu
South América南美洲Nán měizhōu
Europe欧洲Ōuzhōu
Asia亚洲Yàzhōu
Africa非洲Fēizhōu
Oceania大洋洲Dàyángzhōu
Antartica南极洲Nánjízhōu

Just learning the names of all these places makes you want to visit them, don’t you? Our colorful planet has so much to offer!

As the painter Georgia O’Keeffe said, “All the earth colors of the painter’s palette are out there in the many miles of the badlands”. And learning Chinese is a big step and a great way to prepare yourself to visit Asia, the largest of all continents.

Our school for Asian languages, Hanyu Chinese School, has all you need to embark in this adventure. Our online Chinese lessons with native teachers can be tailored to you specific needs and goals. Contact us and don’t forget to ask for your free lesson!

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