Learn the colors in Chinese

When you learn Mandarin, you’ll see that colors in Chinese are expressed by adding the particle 色 (sè) to the name of the color. This allows to differentiate the name of the color (颜色 [yánsè]) per se from another noun that that has that color.

For example, in English we have the color “orange” and the fruit with the same name. Well, it is in order to avoid that confusion that colors in Chinese carry the particle 色 (sè).

Red红色Hóngsè
Blue蓝色Lánsè
Yellow黄色Huángsè
Green绿色Lǜsè
Purple紫色Zǐsè
Brown棕色Zōngsè
Orange橙色Chéngsè
Grey灰色Huīsè
White白色Báisè
Black黑色Hēisè
Many colors in leaves

When you want to indicate the color of something, you have to add the particle 的 (de) after the color. Let’s see some examples:

  • My yellow book.
    我的黄色的书。(Wǒ de huángsè de shū.)
  • The blue car.
    蓝色的汽车。(Lánsè de qìchē.)
  • The grey house.
    灰色的家。(Huīsè de jiā.)
  • My clothes are black.
    我的衣服是黑色的。(Wǒ de yīfú shì hēisè de.)
  • The white door.
    白色的门。(Báisè de mén.)
  • I need a red pencil.
    我需要一支红色铅笔。(Wǒ xūyào yī zhī hóngsè qiānbǐ.)
  • This tree is dark green.
    这棵树是深绿色的。(Zhè kē shù shì shēn lǜsè de.)
  • Her dress is purple.
    她的裙子是紫色的。(Tā de qúnzi shì zǐsè de.)
  • My favorite color is orange.
    我最喜欢的颜色是橙色的。(Wǒ zuì xǐhuān de yánsè shì chéngsè de.)

Would you like to continue expanding your Chinese vocabulary? Studying this fascinating language will open the doors to many incredible opportunities. At Hanyu Chinese School we will be happy to help you. Contact us and request your free class!

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